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Family Planning Tips and Birth Control

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Family planning, more commonly known as birth control or contraceptive, is a way to control and alleviate unwanted pregnancies. When it comes to family planning, choosing what is right for you and your partner is huge and extremely important step in your relationship, so it is best to know the widest variety of options available to you. Bringing your significant other to consult with your doctor about the best options for you is the safest way to maintain a healthy life style and the health of your children.

Abstinence:

Abstinence is a method of birth control that focuses on the act of avoiding sexual intercourse entirely. It is taught mainly to adolescents around the time of middle school, but can be utilized by people of all ages. Abstinence is referred to as the only method of family planning that is 100% effective in preventing pregnancy and protecting against sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). However, once a serious and intimate relationship arises, and the prospect of bring biological children into the home is considered, abstinence no longer remains a viable option of family planning.

Condoms:

Condoms are perhaps the most popular form of birth control. Condoms are thin latex covering that are placed over the penis and create a barrier between the sperm and the vagina. Though the male version is vastly more popular, there are also female condoms available for general purchase and use.

Birth Control Pills:

There are a plethora of birth control pills on the market, and along with condoms, these are an extremely popular choice for family planning. Birth control pills keep the womanís ovaries from releasing eggs which prevents fertilization. It is estimated that birth control pills are 95% effective with standard use. Most pills must be taken at the same time every day to help eliminate the risk of getting pregnant, but there is also a type of pill that is taken continuously for 3 months. Birth control pills help prevent pregnancy but do not prevent the spread of STDs.

Birth Control Ring:

The birth control ring is a relatively small, flexible ring that is placed within the vagina, where it releases a steady supply of progestin and estrogen hormones, preventing the ovaries from releasing eggs much like the birth control pill. The ring stays in the vagina for approximately three weeks, after which it is discarded. It is estimated to be 99% effective when used as prescribed. However the ring has been known to cause side effects such as weight gain and chronic nausea, and they do not aid in the prevention of the spread of STDs.

Surgery:

Both men and woman can be sterilized through operation. For women, tubal ligation is the process of cutting off the fallopian tubesí access to releasing eggs into the uterus for fertilization. For men, a vasectomy is performed wherein the tubes that carry the sperm are blocked. Sterilization is estimated to be 100% effective but should be considered a permanent decision and is recommended for those patients who already have children.

When it comes to family planning and birth control, there are myriad options to choose from. The above options are just a few of the many that exist. When choosing the option that is right for you and your significant other, it is best to consult your doctor about the different possibilities. Schedule an appointment online today and see your OBGYN about what form of contraceptive is right for you.

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